From Southeast Asia’s busiest metropolises with delirious nightlife to the peak of volcanoes, many of which are still very evidently active, which the fertile slopes are dotted with glimmering rice fields and small villages. Java(Indonesian: Jawa) is the heartland ofIndonesia. With more than 130 million people inhabiting an area as big as Greece, Java is one of the most populated places on this planet. No wonder that Java has become Indonesia’s political and economic epicentre throughout the history. So Java island has been a magnet for people to come and visit since prehistoric time.
Java has 121 active volcanoes. Add to that a host of major national parks and, despite its very crowded nature, the island has lots to offer the visitor who appreciates outdoor attractions.
The main ethnic group in Java isJavanese, except for the West Javaregion where most people are Sundanese. In the province of East Java, 22% of the population is of Madurese descent. Half of them live on the island of Madura.
Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia. Population: 8 million (within city limits). The total population of Jakarta and its suburbs: 13 million people. The population of Jakarta is a mix of many ethnic groups. The group native to Jakarta is Betawi.